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The Tureen stands on an oval applied pedestal foot which rises to an oval gadrooned collar where it meets the bowl of the tureen and the base also displays a wide lobed band. The deep 'Boat' shaped body rises to an everted gadrooned rim and each end displays an 'Adam' ram's head mask with suspensory carrying ring below. The domed pull off cover terminates in a cast, stylised, artichoke finial. Both sides of the cover are engraved with the Coronet of a Baron, with a Crest below. The side of the main body is beautifully engraved, also on both sides, with a contemporary Armorial, with Motto below, and Coronet above. This is all surrounded by a very finely executed cartouche of tied drapery mantling. Both pieces are in excellent condition and the tureen is fully marked on the rim of the foot and the cover with the maker's mark and sterling mark.

The Tureen and cover unusually rest on a wonderful, and very unusual, stand which is oval in form, with a raised gadrooned rim and carrying handles. The handles are also decorated with double raying shells. The stand rises to a central platform where the tureen rests, which is decorated with reeding. Both sides of the stand are also engraved with the same Armorial engraving which is seen on the main body. The Stand is also in excellent condition and is fully marked on the underside.

The Arms, Crest and Motto are those of Pelham, for Thomas 1728-1805, 2nd Lord Pelham of Stanmer, County Sussex, a British Whig Politician. He was educated at Westminster School and Clare College, Cambridge, and undertook the Grand Tour through France, Switzerland, Italy and Germany between 1746 and 1749. He was elected to the House of Commons for Rye in 1749, a seat he held until 1754, and then represented Sussex until 1768. He served as Lord of the Admiralty from 1761 to 1762 and as Comptroller of the Household from 1765 to 1774 and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1765.

In 1768 Pelham succeeded his cousin, the Duke of Newcastle, as Baron Pelham of Stanmer. He also inherited the Pelham Baronetcy, created in 1611. Pelham also served as Surveyor-General of Customs of London from 1773 to 1805 and as the last keeper of the the Great Wardrobe from 1775 to 1782. In 1801 he was elevated in the Peerage as the 1st Earl of Chichester. He had succeeded his father in 1737 inheriting the Stanmer Park estate near Lewes, Sussex. Lord Chichester married Anne Frankland in 1754 and they had three sons and three daughters. He died in 1805, aged 76, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Thomas, who became a prominent politician. An image of the Classical Stanmer House is shown.

'Adam' Soup Tureens, with their original stands, are extremely rare. We know that John Carter II was a great exponent of the Neo Classical and had many commissions for George III and the Prince of Wales, later George IV. We also know that he was making pieces directly designed by Robert Adam, an example of which was a Ram's Head Soup Tureen, Cover and Stan of 1774 made for Sir Watkins Williams-Wynn, 4th Baronet of Wynnstay, Wales, now in the National Museum and Gallery of Wales.

The Tureen & Cover:

Height: 11.5 inches.
Length, at the rim: 14 inches.
Width: 9.1 inches.
Weight: 79oz.

The Stand:

Length: 21 inches.
Width: 12 inches.
Weight: 50 oz.